As in subject: can I draw in Inkscape a circle from three points, similarly to CAD software?
Draw a path which has three nodes. Apply path effect Ellipse from Points. Make the circle free by applying Path > Object to Path. It becomes the same 4 node path as the usual Bezier curve approximation of circle in vector drawing programs.
It looks circle, but it’s a path, it’s not SVG circle. If you for some reason need a curve which is internally defined as SVG circle you can draw one over or make Euclidean geometry construction.