Mask Gray in Photoshop

I want to make everything that is 50% Gray in Photoshop trasnaprent.
Black and White should be 100%, but all in the middle transparent.

Let’s compare these to images to demonstrate:


enter image description here


enter image description here

Yes the checkerboard is part of the image in order to illustrate which effect I want to accomplish

I would like to do it mathematically exact, rather than faking it.


I’ve made a video showing this very thing for another question, here it is at the relevant starting point:

Going off your image:

  • Middle Gray is 128, 128, 128
  • 1 stop Lighter is 191, 191, 191
  • 1 stop Darker is 64, 64, 64

So adjust the Blend If slider accordingly:

enter image description here

enter image description here

If you want it to look more like your “Goal” though it’s not actually only removing 50% than adjust the sliders to your liking.

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