What’s the difference between a graphic designer and an artworker/Mac operator/production artist? Is one a subset of the other? Do they overlap? Are they industry-specific terms? Are in fact artworker/Mac operator/production artist not synonymous?
A Graphic Designer is one who is working on the conceptual/strategic side of things.
A Production Artist is the one that takes the conceptual/strategic solution and and implements the mechanical files for the solution.
You’ll typically find Production Artists in ad agencies where they’d be working under the art directors. In design firms, the graphic designer is quite often also the production artist.