Are there any general rules of thumb on whether to use one-point or two-point perspective?
EDIT: I should point out that I’m asking this question in the context of general art and painting.
One point perspective is a special case of 2 point perspective, where the view plane and front plane of objects coincide perfectly.* So you would use 1-point perspective when something is head on. Examples include houses sided by a straight road, or a straight ahead shot of a skyscraper. 1-point perspective is good if you want to emphasize one thing or straightness.
Image 1: 1-P and 2-P perspective can and do live in same images.
Otherwise you would use 2 point or 3 point perspective.
* And again 2 point is similarly a special case of 3 point perspective. But a more common and normal situation for humans.